Fearing further incident, Boude purchased Mrs. Smith out of bondage. Isaac Hopper's Contribution 1790: The census reflects 545 free Blacks and 348 enslaved Blacks in Lancaster County. This story is significant as one of the earliest documented community uprisings against slavery by a prominent Lancaster County citizen of national stature: Thomas Boude was a major in the Revolutionary War who served under Gen. George Washington; he and his family members were leaders in one of the county’s most influential religious institutions – Saint James Episcopal Church in the City of Lancaster; a former member, PA House of Representatives; former member, U.S. House of Representatives; an early proponent of free public education, banking, canal and other economic development and infrastructure investments. 5 Things every citizen should know. Underground Timeline. White and African-American "conductors" served as guides from place to place for freedom seekers. To maintain secrecy, they adopted a code based on the railroad. How did it work? Even though trading slaves was illegal, many people still smuggled slaves. Underground Railroad More about the Underground Railroad. The Underground Railroad. In History. David Ruggles created the African-American underground in New York City. Brown and his men were eventually killed. This congregation eventually becomes Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church. Timeline Description: The Underground Railroad (1790s to 1860s) was a linked network of individuals willing and able to help fugitive slaves escape to safety. 1861 – April 12-13, Fort Sumter bombarded by forces aligned with recently seceded Confederate States of America; marks the beginning of the US Civil War. The Underground Railroad: Book Review by Dinh. See a brief timeline of the abolition movement in Canada.. The teenage son of the late Edward Gorsuch, Thomas, is tormented that no one will be held accountable for the death of his father and the serious wounding of his older brother. 1865 – April 12 – Surrender of Confederate forces at Appomattox, VA. 1865 – April 14 – President Abraham Lincoln assassinated at Ford’s Theatre, Washington, D.C. by John Wilkes Booth. The underground railroad helped an estimated 100,000 … 1800. Timeline created by sarahROSEMONT. Independent groups of abolitionist sympathizers together formed a network of secret routes and safe houses. 1828: Main Line of Public Works to development railroad and canals spanning Pennsylvania chartered by PA legislature. 1700 - 1800. He dreamed to extend the Railroad into the Deep South, with a chain of armed posts through the Appalachian Mountains. This website helped me find out why the Underground Railroad is important. Menu. Web Resources: The author’s website includes a helpful summary timeline of the development and operation of the Underground Railroad. Underground Railroad During the 1850's-1860's, the underground railroad was a crucial aspect for the freedom of slaves. 1898 – Prof. Wilbur Seibert publishes his book of national scope The Underground Railroad-From Slavery to Freedom. Slave owner Edward Gorsuch of Maryland is killed and his son, Dickinson, is gravely wounded, but survives. And notably, Boude was a mentor and gave key support to Stephen Smith when he came of age, purchased his freedom and chose to enter into business as an industrial scale lumber merchant. Those networks cut across regions, across religions and across races. Eli Whitney invented a device for pulling seeds from cotton. 1810. Levi Coffin started helping slaves escape by transporting them through false-bottomed wagons or by hiding them in secret rooms. First Route of the Underground Railroad. Missouri admitted to being a slave state to the Union. It was not an actual railroad, but it served the same purpose—it transported people long distances. Federal agents assisting the recapture of formerly enslaved men are driven off in this community uprising against slavery at the home of William and Eliza Parker in Sadsbury Township, just outside the Borough of Christiana. William Lloyd Garrison established the Liberator, in Boston. When Caesar, a recent arrival from Virginia, tells her […] The Underground Railroad, published in 2016, is the sixth novel by American author Colson Whitehead.. Well, ... Made an Underground Railroad for New York City helping 1,000 slaves Mar 3, 1833. This online booklet includes a brief statement about North American slavery, a review of historical scholarship about the Underground Railroad and related topics, suggestions for using a variety of sources to construct responsible and meaningful interpretations, and examples of how to use these sources and to document and interpret specific cases of Underground Railroad activity. Key component of the Main Line is the 80 mile-long Philadelphia and Columbia Railroad, which opens as second operating passenger and freight railroad in the nation. The American Anti-Slavery Society was founded in Philadelphia, the first national conference of abolitionists in American history was held. 1870: The Fifteenth Amendment extends suffrage to African-Americans. Boude brought Smith to his home and place of business – a lumber yard and mill — along the Susquehanna Riverfront in the Borough of Columbia. State of Pennsylvania owns right of way, while private rail operators move people and freight in their cars. 1872-William Still publishes his groundbreaking book on the national scope and activities of the Underground Railroad. Early 1840s – first in-print usage of the term “underground railroad” to describe secret support for flight of formerly enslaved African Americans. One of his closest helpers was a man named Isaac Hopper. With this support and his own strong drive and deep faith, Smith (1796-1872) became an important conductor on the Underground Railroad and later in life a minister in the African Methodist Episcopal Church, and a community benefactor in Philadelphia. Before 1700. "After 1833 the slave who reached Canada was free by British statute, and there were many sympathizers in the North who were willing to aid him on his way. The scheme was assisted by abolitionists and others sympathetic to the cause of the escapees. Make educational timelines or create a timeline for your company website. Freed slave Denmark Vesey protested against slavery in Charleston. 1838: First use at Columbia, PA of railroad box cars with secret compartments on Philadelphia & Columbia Railroad to transport freedom seekers to Philadelphia and points north (per credible newspaper account published in 1870). Americans were left with a hard decision, should slavery be allowed in the new territories. Underground Railroad . Period: Jan 1, 1793 to Jan 1, 1863. They hid individuals in cellars, basements and barns, provided food and supplies, and helped … The Underground Railroad: A Record of Facts, Authentic Narrative, Letters, &C. Philadelphia: Porter & Coates, 1871. This page shows the timeline of slaves, and their origins and history. 1883-Robert Smedley’s book, The Underground Railroad in Chester and Neighboring Counties of Pennsylvania, is published posthumously in Lancaster by Mariana Gibbons and Robert Purvis. 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